Consider an area of personal interest.
Review the format and writing style your instructor expects.
Look at encyclopedias, directories and other reference sources. Websites, textbooks and class notes are also a good place to start your research
Thinking of keywords: A list of words that describe your topic.
Creating a concept map: A visual layout or landscape of your topic. Identify different aspects of your topic and branch off to related ideas.
Broadening your topic: Broaden your topic if it is too specific. Expand your focus to a larger area, such as a country, continent, or time period.
Narrowing your topic: Narrow your topic if there is an overwhelming amount of information. For example, focus more closely on a geographical area, concept or species.
Describe your research goal in the form of a statement or question. The answer to your research question will become your main argument or thesis.
Example Research Question:
How can you protect your personal information online?